Tag Archives: liberty

Let’s respond to Operation Jade Helm

For far to long, We the People, have stood by the wayside and allowed tyranny to incrementally approach.  We have monitored the situation, we have waited in defense.  We have tallied the wrongs against the constitution, we have tallied the wrongs against us.  We have tallied the lives lost in unconstitutional wars.  We have sat in the defense allowing our men and women to be killed and others to be persecuted by a criminal government.  We have sat in silence while others have suffered…and now the enemy brings their tyranny to our doorstep.  Operation Jade Helm is a psychological operation (psyop) designed to integrate the military and civilian communities while having troops operate undetected amongst civilian population.  This operation will happen in multiple states throughout the southwest, two of which are listed as hostile, Texas and Utah.  I am proud to be a Texan if the captured federal government that wishes to dominate the country deems Texans as hostile.  I am hostile to tyrants.  We must speak up.

As a young Marine infantryman, I learned that the mission of the Marine Corps rifle squad is to “locate, close with, and destroy the enemy by fire and maneuver, or repel the enemies assault by fire and close combat.”  I never liked sitting in the defense, I far preferred the offense.  My primary weapon these days is information.  Contrary to the mainstream media lies, Operation Jade Helm is a psyop to be used on the American people in order to acclimatize American’s to the police state and martial law.  I refuse to acclimatize to tyranny.  In the Marines my weapon of choice was the M16.  In the civilian world, with weapon close by, my weapon of choice is information.  Therefore, I propose a campaign to flyer the local area.  Let’s get together, make up flyers, and pass them out.  Let’s inform the citizens what is going on in this world and let’s force a discussion about the direction our country is going.

I will make up some fliers and add them to this post, i’ll also work towards garnering some local support in my area.  Let’s spread the message about the actions of our captured government and let’s also spread liberty.  Let’s work together to take back America and return to our rightful place. 

check out the liberty blitz as well.

This is a great opportunity to fight back against the enemy and spread the message of liberty.

This operation will occur from July 15 through Sept 15. 

http://www.infowars.com

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Liberty and Tiny Houses: A Patriot’s view of Alternative Housing

This is a paper that I wrote for school about tiny houses.  I fully support tiny house living (also here, here, and here) in terms of financial freedom and individuality.  I do not support the eugenics based false environmental and artificial scarcity narrative that is driven by the United Nations in order to control the population.  My family and I are personally intending to live in multiple tiny homes equaling approximately 1000 square feet.  Let’s take back control of our lives and finances.  Let’s free ourselves from debt burden through hard work now.

http://thenaturaladvantage.wordpress.com/2014/12/02/liberty-and-tiny-houses-a-patriots-view-of-alternative-living/

#findlibertyfindamerica

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National Center for Constitutional Studies

The National Center for Constitutional Studies has a wide variety of items available for follow up information on these principles. One item in particular is an election season special that includes The 5000 Year Leap for $12.95, audio book in MP3 format, 1-day recorded seminar on DVD and a pocket constitution for free.

Other items include The 5000 Year Leap, liberty cards, The Making of America, The Founders Constitution, as well as pocket constitutions in bulk.

Lets Spread the word.  Lets get the liberty movement moving forward again.  Lets educate others as well as ourselves.

http://www.nccs.net/introduction-to-the-principles-of-liberty.php

#findlibertyfindamerica

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On Freedom or Liberty

I was recently asked about freedom or liberty.  The question being: Should we seek liberty or should we seek absolute freedom?  I initially chose freedom, with greater reflection I have chosen liberty.  The reasons for this in a few.  First though let us discuss the differences.

Definitions by online Oxford dictionary.

Freedom
Syllabification: free·dom
Pronunciation: /ˈfrēdəm /
NOUN

1 The power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraint:

we do have some freedom of choice
he talks of revoking some of the freedoms

Liberty

Syllabification: lib·er·ty
Pronunciation: /ˈlibərdē /
NOUN (plural liberties)

1 The state of being free within society from oppressive restrictions imposed by authority on one’s way of life, behavior, or political views:
compulsory retirement would interfere with individual liberty

Rest of definitions below at end of post:

The argument that was presented to me was that the term liberty was a term that was created by the monarchs, oligarchs and other elites of society in order to subjugate the people under a false freedom.  You see, freedom assumes absolute freedom from any form of control, while liberty assumes as great a freedom as possible as a member of society for the benefits of that society.  We as individuals are all free men and women.  We as sovereign beings are inherently free from birth.  Historically though, we as individuals have always persisted within a group of others.  From the family unit to organized religion and government.  These associations have had positives and negatives.  Government itself has been the greatest killer throughout history.  Organized religion as well.  In fact most if not all major organizations have paved a destructive path.

There will always be wolves amongst society.  There will always be sheep.  The character of society is determined through the strength of the sheepdogs.  Those individuals that choose selfless service for the betterment of all.  Society is currently laid bare in terms of sheepdogs.

Now,  those that choose freedom over liberty must by necessity choose absolute freedom over liberty.  Therefore, those that choose freedom over liberty are choosing anarchy.  I am not an anarchist and I, like many before, am interested in the benefits of limited government over the benefits of absolute freedom.

The truth is, absolute freedom limits productivity and freedom.  The founders understood this concept.  Our current society believes in a left-right paradigm.  The truth is that the paradigm is a tyranny-anarchy paradigm.  The founders chose people’s law through a constitutional republic.  This choice allowed the people to have the greatest control over their government, while ensuring the greatest liberties for themselves.  The introduction of the US Constitution clearly states the six intended purposes of the US governmental system.

“We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”

These purposes began with the people.  These purposes are clear and concise.  The constitution then goes on to dictate elaborate safeguards from conspiratorial elements of the government.  The founders understood that the people were the defenders of their rights.  The constitution being a guide to assist the people in the maintenance of their liberties.  Many of these safeguards have since been eroded through the amendment process.

The benefits of the constitution far outweigh the benefits of absolute freedom.  Absolute freedom, while initially quite desirable, is far more dangerous than one might suspect.  Absolute freedom forces the people to either act individually in self defense at all times, therefore decreasing the productivity of that individual, or to form bonds with other people in order to assist in the protection of oneself, giving up the absolute freedom that was initially sought.  Therefore absolute freedom decreases productivity through greater demands on time (search for water, food, shelter, protection from enemies due to decreased societal benefits) or actively pressures one to give up some freedom for liberty.

Many today decry the American system of government.  We live in a time of apathy and ignorance.  We live in a  time where the elites of our system have systematically eliminated and sidestepped the safeguards of the US Constitution.  The naysayers of the constitution and the founding principles use this as fodder to attack the constitution.  The truth is that regular manipulation of the constitution as well as decreased understanding and political involvement is what has led the American people to our current predicament.

A constitutional republic protects the sheep from the wolves.

The path to liberty is clear and available.  The path has been written.  The path has been followed with great success.  America was an extremely productive nation with great freedoms for some time.  The people have allowed our current situation, and without action, the people will become slaves.

Stand for the US Constitution and join the Liberty Blitz on Oct. 20th.  Lets educate Americans on their rights and true system of government.

#findlibertyfindamerica

Read “The Making of America” by W. Cleon Skousen for more information.

 

Freedom:

Rest of definition

1.1 Absence of subjection to foreign domination or despotic government:
he was a champion of Irish freedom

1.2 The state of not being imprisoned or enslaved:
the shark thrashed its way to freedom

1.3 The state of being physically unrestricted and able to move easily:
the shorts have a side split for freedom of movement

1.4 (freedom from) The state of not being subject to or affected by (a particular undesirable thing):
government policies to achieve freedom from want

1.5 The power of self-determination attributed to the will; the quality of being independent of fate or necessity.

1.6 Unrestricted use of something:
the dog is happy having the freedom of the house when we are out

1.7 ARCHAIC Familiarity or openness in speech or behavior.

Origin

Old English frēodōm (see free, -dom).

Liberty:

Rest of definition

1.1 (usually liberties) An instance of this; a right or privilege, especially a statutory one:
the Bill of Rights was intended to secure basic civil liberties

1.2 The state of not being imprisoned or enslaved:
people who have lost property or liberty without due process

1.3 (Liberty) The personification of liberty as a female figure.

2 The power or scope to act as one pleases:
individuals should enjoy the liberty to pursue their own interests and preferences

2.1 Philosophy A person’s freedom from control by fate or necessity.

2.2 INFORMAL A presumptuous remark or action:
how did he know what she was thinking?—it was a liberty!

2.3 Nautical Shore leave granted to a sailor.

Origin

late Middle English: from Old French liberte, from Latin libertas, from liber ‘free’.

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Easy Print Principles of Liberty for sharing with others

These principles of liberty can be found in The 5000 Year Leap.  This is a fantastic book and it can be found on the National Center for Constitutional Studies website.  They have great resources for liberty minded individuals on this site.  The 28 principles of liberty can be found in an easy to print form below.

These are the principles that made America possible and allowed our development.  These are extremely important.  A fundamental understanding of these principles is critical to a free society.

Thomas Jefferson stated:

“Educate and inform the whole mass of the people…they are the only sure reliance for the preservation of our liberty.”

Let us print these out and pass them out, distribute them widely.

Principles of Liberty.pdf  The 28 Great Ideas That Are Changing the World

Discover the 28 fundamental beliefs of the Founding Fathers which they said must be understood and perpetuated by every people who desired peace, prosperity, and freedom.

These beliefs have made possible more progress in 200 years than was made previously in over 5,000 years.

The following is a brief overview of the principles found in The Five Thousand Year Leap, and one chapter is devotes to each of these 28 principles.

Principle 1The only reliable basis for sound government and just human relations is Natural Law.

Natural law is God’s law. There are certain laws which govern the entire universe, and just as Thomas Jefferson said in the Declaration of Independence, there are laws which govern in the affairs of men which are “the laws of nature and of nature’s God.”

Principle 2A free people cannot survive under a republican constitution unless they remain virtuous and morally strong.

“Only a virtuous people are capable of freedom. As nations become corrupt and vicious, they have more need of masters.” – Benjamin Franklin

Principle 3The most promising method of securing a virtuous people is to elect virtuous leaders.

“Neither the wisest constitution nor the wisest laws will secure the liberty and happiness of a people whose manners are universally corrupt. He therefore is the truest friend to the liberty of his country who tries most to promote its virtue, and who … will not suffer a man to be chosen into any office of power and trust who is not a wise and virtuous man.” – Samuel Adams

Principle 4Without religion the government of a free people cannot be maintained.

“Of all the dispositions and habits which lead to political prosperity, religion and morality are indispensable supports…. And let us with caution indulge the supposition that morality can be maintained without religion.” – George Washington

Principle 5All things were created by God, therefore upon him all mankind are equally dependent, and to him they are equally responsible.

The American Founding Fathers considered the existence of the Creator as the most fundamental premise underlying all self-evident truth. They felt a person who boasted he or she was an atheist had just simply failed to apply his or her divine capacity for reason and observation.

Principle 6All mankind were created equal.

The Founders knew that in these three ways, all mankind are theoretically treated as:

  1. Equal before God.
  2. Equal before the law.
  3. Equal in their rights.

Principle 7The proper role of government is to protect equal rights, not provide equal things.

The Founders recognized that the people cannot delegate to their government any power except that which they have the lawful right to exercise themselves.

Principle 8Mankind are endowed by God with certain unalienable rights.

“Those rights, then, which God and nature have established, and are therefore called natural rights, such as are life and liberty, need not the aid of human laws to be more effectually invested in every man than they are; neither do they receive any additional strength when declared by the municipal [or state] laws to be inviolable. On the contrary, no human legislation has power to abridge or destroy them, unless the owner [of the right] shall himself commit some act that amounts to forfeiture.” – William Blackstone

Principle 9 – To protect human rights, God has revealed a code of divine law.

“The doctrines thus delivered we call the revealed or divine law, and they are to be found only in the Holy Scriptures. These precepts, when revealed, are found by comparison to be really a part of the original law of nature, as they tend in all their consequences to man’s felicity.” – William Blackstone

Principle 10The God-given right to govern is vested in the sovereign authority of the whole people.

“The fabric of American empire ought to rest on the solid basis of the consent of the people. The streams of national power ought to flow immediately from that pure, original fountain of all legislative authority.” – Alexander Hamilton

Principle 11The majority of the people may alter or abolish a government which has become tyrannical.

“Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes … but when a long train of abuses and usurpations … evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.” – Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence

Principle 12The United States of America shall bea republic.

“I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the republic for which it stands….”

Principle 13 – A Constitution should protect the people from the frailties of their rulers.

“If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary…. [But lacking these] you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself.” – James Madison

Principle 14Life and liberty are secure only so long as the rights of property are secure.

John Locke reasoned that God gave the earth and everything in it to the whole human family as a gift. Therefore the land, the sea, the acorns in the forest, the deer feeding in the meadow belong to everyone “in common.” However, the moment someone takes the trouble to change something from its original state of nature, that person has added his ingenuity or labor to make that change. Herein lies the secret to the origin of “property rights.”

Principle 15The highest level of prosperity occurs when there is a free-market economy and a minimum of government regulations.

Prosperity depends upon a climate of wholesome stimulation with four basic freedoms in operation:

  1. The Freedom to try.
  2. The Freedom to buy.
  3. The Freedom to sell.
  4. The Freedom to fail.

Principle 16The government should be separated into three branches.

“I call you to witness that I was the first member of the Congress who ventured to come out in public, as I did in January 1776, in my Thoughts on Government … in favor of a government with three branches and an independent judiciary. This pamphlet, you know, was very unpopular. No man appeared in public to support it but yourself.” – John Adams

Principle 17A system of checks and balances should be adopted to prevent the abuse of power by the different branches of government.

“It will not be denied that power is of an encroaching nature and that it ought to be effectually restrained from passing the limits assigned to it.” – James Madison

Principle 18 – The unalienable rights of the people are most likely to be preserved if the principles of government are set forth in a written Constitution.

The structure of the American system is set forth in the Constitution of the United States and the only weaknesses which have appeared are those which were allowed to creep in despite the Constitution.

Principle 19Only limited and carefully defined powers should be delegated to government, all others being retained by the people.

The Tenth Amendment is the most widely violated provision of the bill of rights. If it had been respected and enforced America would be an amazingly different country than it is today. This amendment provides:

“The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”

Principle 20Efficiency and dispatch require that the government operate according to the will of the majority, but constitutional provisions must be made to protect the rights of the minority.

“Every man, by consenting with others to make one body politic under one government, puts himself under an obligation to every one of that society to submit to the determination of the majority, and to be concluded [bound] by it.” – John Locke

Principle 21Strong local self-government is the keystone to preserving human freedom.

“The way to have good and safe government is not to trust it all to one, but to divide it among the many, distributing to every one exactly the functions he is competent [to perform best]. – Thomas Jefferson

Principle 22A free people should be governed by law and not by the whims of men.

“The end of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom. For in all the states of created beings, capable of laws, where there is no law there is no freedom. For liberty is to be free from restraint and violence of others, which cannot be where there is no law.” – John Locke

Principle 23A free society cannot survive as a republic without a broad program of general education.

“They made an early provision by law that every town consisting of so many families should be always furnished with a grammar school. They made it a crime for such a town to be destitute of a grammar schoolmaster for a few months, and subjected it to a heavy penalty. So that the education of all ranks of people was made the care and expense of the public, in a manner that I believe has been unknown to any other people, ancient or modern. The consequences of these establishments we see and feel every day [written in 1765]. A native of America who cannot read and write is as rare … as a comet or an earthquake.” John Adams

Principle 24A free people will not survive unless they stay strong.

“To be prepared for war is one of the most effectual means of preserving peace.” – George Washington

Principle 25“Peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations — entangling alliances with none.”- Thomas Jefferson, given in his first inaugural address.

Principle 26 – The core unit which determines the strength of any society is the family; therefore the government should foster and protect its integrity.

“There is certainly no country in the world where the tie of marriage is more respected than in America, or where conjugal happiness is more highly or worthily appreciated.” Alexis de Tocqueville

Principle 27The burden of debt is as destructive to human freedom as subjugation by conquest.

“We are bound to defray expenses [of the war] within our own time, and are unauthorized to burden posterity with them…. We shall all consider ourselves morally bound to pay them ourselves and consequently within the life [expectancy] of the majority.” – Thomas Jefferson

Principle 28The United States hasmanifest destiny to eventually become a glorious example of God’s law under a restored Constitution that will inspire the entire human race.

The Founders sensed from the very beginning that they were on a divine mission. Their great disappointment was that it didn’t all come to pass in their day, but they knew that someday it would. John Adams wrote:

“I always consider the settlement of America with reverence and wonder, as the opening of a grand scene and design in Providence for the illumination of the ignorant, and the emancipation of the slavish part of mankind all over the earth.”

Source: over 150 volumes of the Founding Fathers original writings, minutes, letters, biographies, etc. distilled into The Five Thousand Year Leap, by W. Cleon Skousen, published by National Center for Constitutional Studies, 1981.

http://www.nccs.net

 

 

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Easy print Declaration of Independence and US Constitution for sharing with others

The link at the end of the page is an easy print 18 page .pdf that contains the Declaration of Independence and the US Constitution.  If we intend to restore the republic we must first educate the public and ourselves about the founding of this nation.

Let’s flood America with our founding documents. Print these out. Staple them and hand them out to your friends, family, and co-workers. Print a pile and leave them at offices or schools. Hand them out on the street corner. Let’s restore the republic through education.
Find liberty find America

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U.S. Constitutional Amendments 11-27

#findlibertyfindAmerica

AMENDMENT XI
Passed by Congress March 4, 1794. Ratified February 7, 1795.

Note: Article III, section 2, of the Constitution was modified by amendment 11.
The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.

AMENDMENT XII
Passed by Congress December 9, 1803. Ratified June 15, 1804.

Note: A portion of Article II, section 1 of the Constitution was superseded by the 12th amendment.
The Electors shall meet in their respective states and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate; — the President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted; — The person having the greatest number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. [And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President. –]* The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.
*Superseded by section 3 of the 20th amendment.

AMENDMENT XIII
Passed by Congress January 31, 1865. Ratified December 6, 1865.

Note: A portion of Article IV, section 2, of the Constitution was superseded by the 13th amendment.
Section 1.
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Section 2.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

AMENDMENT XIV
Passed by Congress June 13, 1866. Ratified July 9, 1868.

Note: Article I, section 2, of the Constitution was modified by section 2 of the 14th amendment.
Section 1.
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
Section 2.
Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice-President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age,* and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.
Section 3.
No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.
Section 4.
The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.
Section 5.
The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.
*Changed by section 1 of the 26th amendment.

AMENDMENT XV
Passed by Congress February 26, 1869. Ratified February 3, 1870.

Section 1.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude–
Section 2.
The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

AMENDMENT XVI
Passed by Congress July 2, 1909. Ratified February 3, 1913.

Note: Article I, section 9, of the Constitution was modified by amendment 16.
The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.

AMENDMENT XVII
Passed by Congress May 13, 1912. Ratified April 8, 1913.

Note: Article I, section 3, of the Constitution was modified by the 17th amendment.
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures.
When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct.
This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.

AMENDMENT XVIII
Passed by Congress December 18, 1917. Ratified January 16, 1919. Repealed by amendment 21.

Section 1.
After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.
Section 2.
The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Section 3.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.

AMENDMENT XIX
Passed by Congress June 4, 1919. Ratified August 18, 1920.

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

AMENDMENT XX
Passed by Congress March 2, 1932. Ratified January 23, 1933.

Note: Article I, section 4, of the Constitution was modified by section 2 of this amendment. In addition, a portion of the 12th amendment was superseded by section 3.
Section 1.
The terms of the President and the Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.
Section 2.
The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.
Section 3.
If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President shall have qualified.
Section 4.
The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them.
Section 5.
Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October following the ratification of this article.
Section 6.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission.

AMENDMENT XXI
Passed by Congress February 20, 1933. Ratified December 5, 1933.

Section 1.
The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.
Section 2.
The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited.
Section 3.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.

AMENDMENT XXII
Passed by Congress March 21, 1947. Ratified February 27, 1951.

Section 1.
No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once. But this Article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President when this Article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this Article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term.
Section 2.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress.

AMENDMENT XXIII
Passed by Congress June 16, 1960. Ratified March 29, 1961.

Section 1.
The District constituting the seat of Government of the United States shall appoint in such manner as the Congress may direct:
A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a State, but in no event more than the least populous State; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the States, but they shall be considered, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a State; and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article of amendment.
Section 2.
The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

AMENDMENT XXIV
Passed by Congress August 27, 1962. Ratified January 23, 1964.

Section 1.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.
Section 2.
The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

AMENDMENT XXV
Passed by Congress July 6, 1965. Ratified February 10, 1967.

Note: Article II, section 1, of the Constitution was affected by the 25th amendment.
Section 1.
In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.
Section 2.
Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.
Section 3.
Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.
Section 4.
Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President.
Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office.

AMENDMENT XXVI
Passed by Congress March 23, 1971. Ratified July 1, 1971.

Note: Amendment 14, section 2, of the Constitution was modified by section 1 of the 26th amendment.
Section 1.
The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.
Section 2.
The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

AMENDMENT XXVII
Originally proposed Sept. 25, 1789. Ratified May 7, 1992.

No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.

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